Sexual Violence- Glossary (HIDDEN BUT IN USE. DO NOT DELETE)

Alcohol or drug facilitated sexual assault

The use of alcohol or other drugs to intentionally incapacitate or sedate another person for the purpose of sexual assault. This includes an assailant targeting someone who is already observably intoxicated. [1]

Acquaintance sexual assault

A form of sexual assault in which the survivor has an existing relationship with the assailant. The assailant may be someone the survivor hardly knows, such as a friend of a friend or a first date, or they may be someone the survivor knows well, such as a partner or a close friend.  [2]

Code of Conduct

The Bass Coast code of conduct is the written values and expectations for behaviour that is expected of staff, volunteers, attendees, vendors, contractors and talent. Attendees are required to agree to the Code of Conduct as a part of ticket purchase. Anyone working with the event in any capacity is required to sign the Code of Conduct. 

Complaint

It is the act of informing someone (disclosing) in authority of an incident for the purpose of initiating a formal process.  In relation to this policy, complaints of sexual violence are received and examined in relation to violations of the Bass Coast Code of Conduct as well as WorkSafe Respectful Workplace policy. Depending on who was in violation and their relationship to the festival, the findings of an investigation may result in internal disciplinary, administrative measures, termination of contracts or other actions as the situation warrants.

Coercion

A tactic used to intimidate, trick or force someone to have sex without resorting to physical force. Some examples of coercion are:

  • Constantly putting pressure on someone and refusing to take no for an answer.
  • Implying sex is owed in return for things like: a guestlist spot, drinks, a ride to a festival.
  • Making someone feel guilty for not engaging in sex ("if you loved me you would...").
  • Continually buying alcohol or supplying drugs to inebriate the other person(s).
  • Being emotionally manipulative ("I can't live without you..."). [3] 

Cyberviolence

Cyber violence is online behaviour that constitutes or leads to harm against the physical, psychological and/or emotional state of an individual or group. Cyber violence includes cyberstalking (by both strangers and abusive partners), unwanted advances, online harassment, non-consensual sharing of sexual images, identity theft and the sharing of private information. Cyber violence can take place in a multitude of online settings such as chat rooms, message boards, discussion forums, email, online directories, google searches and, of course, social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Instagram, YouTube, etc. [4]

The behaviours that cyber violence enables, including bullying, blackmail, homophobia and misogyny, have existed offline for a long time. The reach and longevity of online technology, along with the relative anonymity allowed by the medium, has changed the nature and consequences of these behaviours.

Digital Space

Bass Coast’s social media platforms, livestreams and email communications.

Disclosure

The act of making new information known for the purpose of seeking support and/or information. [5]. In reference to Bass Coast’s sexual violence policy, this is sharing details and not desiring any formal support from the festival, beyond resources. 

Gender-based violence 

Gender-based violence (GBV) involves the use and abuse of power and control over another person and is perpetrated against someone based on their gender identity, gender expression or perceived gender.  Violence against women and girls is one form of GBV.  It also has a disproportionate impacts on LGBTQ2 (lesbian, gay, bisexual, trangender, queer, questioning, intersex and two-spirit) and gender-non-conforming people.  GBV includes emotional and psychological violence, such as intentional misgendering, intentional "outing", and use of gendered slurs, as well as physical, sexual, and structural or systemic violence.  

Harm Reduction 

From Streetworks via Canadian Drug Policy Coalition [6]: Harm Reduction is a comprehensive, just and science-based approach to substance use. It represents policies, strategies and services, which aim to assist people who use legal and illegal psychoactive drugs to live safer and healthier lives. All substances have both positive and negative effects. Substance use may affect one’s health and legal vulnerability, and Harm Reduction recognizes that people use drugs for many reasons. Reduction of substance use and/or abstinence is not required in order to receive respect, compassion or service.

Harm Reduction Team

The Bass Coast Harm Reduction Team is a volunteer based team that works onsite during the event, and at select Bass Coast related events throughout the year.  They are selected for their academic, professional or lived experience in supporting people through non medical crisis and harm reduction needs. They work under the supervision of an onsite manager. The team is required to complete 8 hours of in-house training. 

Interpersonal violence

Also referred to as Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Domestic Violence, it is the abuse of power and control within a past or current relationship that endangers the well-being, security or survival of another person. Interpersonal Violence can occur in all types of relationships (e.g., dating, long-term, common-law, marriage, etc.). It can also occur between roommates and close friends. Often, the abusive behaviours can be difficult to detect because they are perpetrated in a manipulative and subtle way, particularly in new relationships, and are often disguised as acts of love and caring. IPV commonly starts off as emotional and/or verbal aggression or abuse, and can occasionally lead to acts of physical violence. An abusive partner will use different forms of violence to maintain control in their relationship or a sense of power over their partner. This pattern is known as the Cycle of Violence.  [7]

Intersectionality

Popularized by Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw in the 1980s, the terms refers to intersections between the facets of one's identity (see also social location) and related forms or systems of oppression, domination or discrimination. Sexual assault and harassment affect people of all ages, genders, sexual orientations, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic status, and abilities. An intersectional approach to sexual assault and harassment recognizes that individuals who belong to certain marginalized identities and communities are disproportionately affected by sexual assault and harassment. The different aspects of an individual’s identity shape their experience of sexual assault or harassment and a survivor’s position within society impacts their ability to access support and how other people will interpret and respond to a disclosure. [8]

Rape

In 1983, the Criminal Code of Canada was amended to replace the offences of rape and indecent assault, amongst others, with three new sexual assault offences, provided in sections 271, 272, and 273 of the code. These amendments focus on the violent rather than sexual nature of the offences. In addition to expanding the definition, the new legislation clarified that if wasnt just women that could be the victim/survivor of sexual assault and that the spouse of a victim/survivor could be charged with sexual assault. [9]

Rape culture

A culture in which dominant ideologies, media images, social practices and institutions promote or condone, either implicitly or explicitly, the normalization of male sexual violence and victim/survivor blaming. In a rape culture, incidents of sexual assault, rape and general gender-based violence are ignored, trivialized, normalized and/or made the fodder of jokes and entertainment. [10]

Safe(r) space

An area or forum where there are stated norms against (certain forms of) exclusion, discrimination and oppression. A Safe(r) Space challenges and confronts oppression and discrimination. A safer space is a supportive, non-threatening environment where all participants can feel comfortable to express themselves and share experiences without fear of discrimination or reprisal. The word safe(r) is used to acknowledge that safety is relative: not everyone feels safe under the same conditions. Creating a safer space involves acknowledging the experiences of each person in a space. [11]

Sanctuary Space

At Bass Coast festival, the sanctuary space is a set location on site during show time. It is a space where people in non-medical distress can connect with a member of the Bass Coast Harm Reduction team. The sanctuary space is open 24 hours a day during the festival.

Sexual assault

Sexual assault, which includes any form of unwelcome activity, or attempt at activity of a sexual nature imposed by one person (or more) on another without consent. It can include a spectrum of sexual activities,  contact that is forced, manipulated, or coerced, employing the use of drugs and or  power over person to control, overpower or subdue a person for purposes of sexual contact and sexual activity with another person they know, or reasonably ought to have known, is mentally or physically incapacitated.

Sexual Harassment 

Sexual Harassment is a form of discrimination. It involves any unwanted physical or verbal behaviour that offends or humiliates and targets someone based on their gender, gender expression, sexuality, sexual expression or sexual orientation. It can include: unwanted whistling leering sexist, homophobic, racist, or transphobic slurs persistent requests for someone’s name, number or destination after they’ve said nosexual names, comments and demands and comments on ones body, dress, dance or clothing. It can also include but is not limited to psychological violence, verbal abuse, manipulation and coercion.

Sexual violence 

This is an umbrella term for many behaviours. The United Nations defines sexual violence of  “is[a]ny violence, physical or psychological, carried out through sexual means or by targeting sexuality.” The festival experiences  reported in the media recently include, but are not limited to: sexual assault, rape, harassment, stalking, groping indecent /sexualized exposure, degrading imagery and voyeurism.

Social location

A term which refers to both how one locates oneself and is located by others based on the position one holds within society. Social locations includes one's age, gender, race, culture, ethnicity, ability, religion, class/socio-economic status, sexual orientation, and/or citizenship status. [12] It refers to how these different positions intersect and operate at a structural (societal views; social policies); institutional (health and social services; schools); community (neighbourhoods; community centres); and personal level. [13]

Stalking

The willful, malicious, and repeated following and/or harassing of another person; is a form of criminal harassment under section 261 of the Criminal Code of Canada. It can involve repeatedly following a person, watching their house, repeated communication with the person and/or threats to them or their family. [14] Examples of stalking behaviour include:

  • Continuous communication, either directly or indirectly, with the person. This may include calling on the phone repeated text or social media messages, repeated letters or stealing mail.
  • Repeatedly following a person. This may include watching the person, tracking them, showing up at their home, work or school uninvited, being present at parties or events where the stalker knows the person will be. The stalker may also follow someone known to the person.
  • Attempting to woo the person into a relationship by constantly sending flowers, candy, love letters, etc.
  • Turn to intimidation and threatening behaviour when the person refuses the stalker's unwelcome advances. [15] 

Survivor/victim/survivor

Both terms are used to refer to a person who was sexually assaulted. In the 70's and 80's, advocates and activists in North America who worked to support those who have been sexually assaulted encouraged moving away from the term "victim/survivor" to the term "survivor". Now most commonly used in North-America, the term "survivor" generally focuses on agency and resilience whereas "victim/survivor" refers to the person being victim/survivorized by someone else and focuses on elements outside of a person’s control. [16] “victim/survivor” is commonly used in the judicial system (by the police and in court) and is the most common term in the media. It is equally possible for a person to be a survivor and a victim/survivor depending on their experience. Personal, cultural, and socio-political reasons may influence a person in self-identifying with either term. [17]

Survivor-Centred

A form of sexual violence response that prioritizes supporting the survivor and protecting their rights. The approach also aims to help those who have been assaulted begin to define their own experience.[18]

Suppliers

An organization or business contracted by Bass Coast. Ex. A/V production companies, Security, Food Vendors, Spa Practitioners, Artisan Vendors, etc.

Talent

All are contracted individually. Artists, Workshop presenters, Performance Artists, Art Grant presenters, Movement Instructors.

Team

Independent subcontractors, volunteers, and managers. Team refers to anyone directly hired by Bass Coast during build, showtime, or tear down. 

Victim blaming

The act of blaming the occurrence of sexual assault on the survivor instead of the person who committed the sexual assault. victim/survivor blaming can be very implicit. For example, recommending that one does not wear revealing clothing, travel alone at night, or engage in sexting implies that such actions provoke sexual assault. A non-victim/survivor blaming response acknowledges that people make choices to violate the bodily integrity of others, and that they alone are responsible for these choices. [19]

Worker

WorkSafe BC defines any individual in a workplace setting such as a supervisor, employee, volunteer, contractor, temporary employee, or any other worker who provides a service to the Organisation.